November nanoTalks: Nobel Prizes
Fall has arrived and with that the announcement of this year's Nobel Prize laureates. Over the next two talks, our speakers will enlighten us about the scientific advances that were rewarded this year. This month, we will learn more about the Nobel Prize in Medicine & Physiology as well as about the Nobel Prize in Economics.
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Talk 1: Nobel Prize in Medicine & Physiology – How do we sense temperature, touch & pain?
Presented by Noémie Frezel-Jacob, Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg
Sensing temperatures, mechanical, and painful stimulations is fundamental for our survival, but also for most actions of our everyday life. This year’s medicine Nobel prize was awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discovery of the receptors for temperature and touch. Their work identified the molecular receptors that are essential for our ability to feel, interpret and interact with the physical world. They also demonstrated the importance of fundamental research to our understanding of physiology and neuroscience. The methods they used and their discoveries will also be useful for the development of future therapies against diseases such as chronic pain.
Talk 2: Nobel Prize in Economics – A nobel for the credibility revolution in economics
Presented by Miquel Serra-Burriel, Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich
A new way to do economics. The 2021 Nobel prize in economics, awarded to David Card, Joshua Angrist, and Guido Imbens, was awarded to what is sometimes termed the «credibility revolution». This movement in economics relates to the creation and deployment of innovative research designs with the sole purpose of finding credible causal evidence to answer important policy questions. The benefits of this movement extend far beyond the reach of economics and have permeated other fields such as political science, sociology, and medicine.